Issue of Shares: Definition, Meaning, Types, Example (2024)

What is Issue of Shares?

The issue of shares is the procedure in which enterprises allocate new shares to the shareholders. Shareholders can be either corporates or individuals. The enterprise follows the rules stipulated by Companies Act 2013 while circulating the shares. The Issue of Prospectus, Receiving Applications, Allocation of Shares are 3 key fundamental steps of the process of issuing the shares.

A noticeable feature of the companys capital is that the amount on its shares can be progressively collected in simple instalments that are spread over a time frame relying upon its enhancing financial obligation. The 1st instalment is collected with the application and is hence, called as application money, the 2nd is on allocation (termed as allocation or allotment of money), and the 3rd instalment is known as a 1st call, 2nd call and so on. The word-final is suffixed to the final instalment. This procedure, in no way, prevents an enterprise from calling the entire amount on shares during the period of application.

The significant steps in the process of issue of shares are given below :

  • Issue of Prospectus: The enterprise initially issues the prospectus to the public generally. The prospectus is an appeal to the public that a new enterprise has come into the presence and it would require funds for operating the trading concern. It comprises of complete data regarding the enterprise and the way in which the money is to be collected from the prospective investors.
  • Receipt of Applications: When the prospectus is circulated to the public, prospective investors contemplating to sign up and subscribe the share capital of the enterprise would make an application along with the application money and deposit it with a scheduled bank as mentioned in the prospectus.
  • Allocation of shares: Once the minimum subscription has been done, the shares can be allocated. Normally, there is always oversubscription of shares, so the allocation is done on pro-rata ground. Letters of Allotment are sent out to those people who have been allocated their part of shares. This results in an authentic contract between the enterprise and the claimant, who will now be a part-owner of the enterprise.

The above mentioned is the concept, that is elucidated in detail about Issue of Shares for the class 12 Commerce students. To know more, stay tuned to BYJU’S.

Issue of Shares: Definition, Meaning, Types, Example (2024)


What is issue of shares and its types? ›

A company raises its capital through the issue of shares. A company typically issues two types of shares Equity and Preference shares. The money raised by issuing equity shares is referred to as Equity Share Capital; whereas, money raised by issuing preference shares is referred to as Preference Share Capital.

What is an example of the issue of shares? ›

An Example of the Issue of Shares

wants to expand the business by opening new offices in other countries and developing new products. They need to raise additional capital to do this. The management team of XYZ Inc. decided to issue shares through an Initial Public Offering (IPO) to raise the capital.

What is the meaning of shares in issue? ›

Issued shares are those the owners have decided to sell in exchange for cash, which may be less than the number of shares actually authorized. Shares issued generate the assets or other value for founding or developing a company.

What is shares and its examples? ›

Example of shares

Consider a hypothetical company, ABC Ltd., which decides to raise capital by offering shares to the public. If an investor purchases 100 shares out of the 1,000 total shares issued by ABC Inc., they would own 10% of the company.

What are different types of shares? ›

These can include:
  • Ordinary Shares. Ordinary shares are the most common type of shares. ...
  • Preference Shares. Preference shares confer some preferential rights on the holder, superior to ordinary shares. ...
  • Redeemable Preference Shares. ...
  • Convertible Preference Shares. ...
  • Treasury Shares.
Jan 3, 2023

How many types of shares are there? ›

Now that you understand how share works let's look at two main types of shares. Shares can primarily be classified into – equity or common shares and preference shares. Equity shares are also referred to as ordinary or common shares. These form the majority of shares issued by most companies.

What are the two types of issue of shares? ›

By and large, the issue of offers is of two sorts – preference shares and common shares. While the preference shares don't allow the shareholders any such voting rights, the common shares take into account casting ballot rights to the investors or shareholders.

What is the main use of issue shares? ›

Companies issue shares to raise money from investors who tend to invest their money. This money is then used by companies for the development and growth of their businesses.

What are the types of public issue of shares? ›

There are three types of Public Issues by which a public company can raise funds: (a) IPO: Initial Public Offer, which is once in the Company's lifetime (b) FPO: Follow-on Public Offers, which a Company can raise any number of times (c) Rights Issue: When a Company makes an Offer to raise capital from its existing ...

What is an example of issued? ›

The Palace has issued a statement criticizing the newspaper report. He started issuing peremptory instructions. He will be issuing directions to judges on sentencing in the next few days. The company has been forced to issue a statement about yesterday's accident.

Do you have to issue shares? ›

Yes. the Corporation must issue at least one share in order to be properly formed.

Why is issuing shares bad? ›

There are also some potential drawbacks to issuing shares: diluted ownership. reduced control of your business. loss of privacy.

What are the three types of shares? ›

Preference shares: They provide shareholders with preferences in terms of repayments as well as dividends during a period of insolvency. Differential Voting Rights Shares: They are ideal for getting higher dividends. Equity shares: These types of shareholders have voting rights in board meetings.

What does shares mean in business example? ›

What are shares? A share is a piece of a company limited by shares. Each piece represents a certain percentage of the company. Anyone who owns shares in a limited company is called a 'shareholder' or 'member'. The number of shares held by each member determines how much of the company they own and control.

What is share in simple words? ›

A company's capital is divided into small equal units of a finite number. Each unit is known as a share. In simple terms, a share is a percentage of ownership in a company or a financial asset.

What happens when a company issues shares? ›

Each share represents a fraction of the total ownership in the company, and shareholders have certain rights, such as voting rights and the right to receive dividends. When a company issues new shares, it creates new units of ownership that can be sold to investors.

What are the two types of shares issued by the company? ›

What are the different types of shares?
  • Ordinary equity shares: Ordinary equity shares, also known as common shares, are the most prevalent type of shares. ...
  • Preference shares: Preference shares, as the name suggests, come with certain preferential rights over ordinary shares.
Jan 31, 2024

What are the methods of issue of shares? ›

Issue of Prospectus, Receiving Applications, Allotment of Shares are three basic steps of the procedure of issuing the shares. The process of creating new shares is known as Allocation or allotment. Let us see the two types of shares of a company and the procedure for issue of shares that a company must follow.

What are the two types of shares corporations issue? ›

Common Types of Share Classes

Common Shares: These usually refer to the share class that gets the remaining property of the corporation if it is dissolved. Common shares also usually have the voting rights. Non-Voting Shares: They do not carry a vote in the normal running of the corporation.

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